A bail bond is a written agreement entered into by a defendant or someone who is acting on behalf of the defendant that guarantees the appearance of the individual before the court or a judge.
In the event that an offender fails to appear on their day in court, the person who signs the bond will be required to pay the court the amount of money specified in the order.
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- Types of Jail Bonds in Baltimore County
- Who can post a bail bond?
- Typical Conditions of Bond
- What Factors Does a Judge Consider When Setting the Conditions of Bond?
In Baltimore County, there are many ways a defendant can bail out of jail including the following:
- cash bond– for this type of bond, only cash, cashier’s checks, or money orders are acceptable. A bails bondsman will not be allowed to bail someone out. An offender must pay the full bond amount in cash or certified check directly to the commissioner’s office in the county that the bail was set.
- property bond– if the net equity of your property exceeds or meets the amount you must post bail, you may be able to use your land or home to pay this cost.
- corporate bond- this type of bond is not very common. In this case, an offender is ordered to only deal with a bail bondsman and not a commissioner. This type of bond is typically granted when a judge or commissioner thinks that a person would be better supervised and monitored by a bail bonds agency.
- regular/simple bond- this type of bond tends to be the most common because it can be posted in various ways. An offender may also use a bails bondsman to get them out of jail by paying up to ten percent of the amount of the bond, which binds that person to that bonds company. Usually, offenders will be required to do weekly check-ins and appear in court in order to remain in good standing with the bonds company.
- unsecured personal bond- in this case, a person is not required to post monetary or collateral bond but the commissioner sets an amount of money that a person is legally bound to if they do not appear in court on their specified court date.
- released on own recognizance bond– Also known as the ROR or personal recognizance bond. A ror/pr bond allows offenders to be released with no monetary or collateral posting attached, other than the obligation to appear in court.
- professional bail bondsman- a bail bondsman charges a non-refundable fee to post bail. The bondsman may also require collateral security or property to secure the offender’s release.
If someone is in custody, they will need to either bond out or stay in custody until their court date. Below are ways someone can bond out once they are incarcerated:
- a defendant;
- someone over the age of eighteen on your behalf; or
- a professional bails bondsman.
A person posting bail on behalf of someone detained assumes full responsibility for their appearance in court. If they fail to appear in court as required, a warrant will be issued for their immediate arrest and the bail will be forfeited.
Bond conditions that a judge imposes on a defendant vary depending on certain factors in a case. Some of the more common conditions require defendants to:
- not possess any weapons or firearms;
- maintain or seek employment;
- comply with specific travel restrictions;
- obey all laws;
- have no new arrest; and
- refrain from drug and alcohol use.
If a defendant on bond does not abide by these rules and regulations, their bond may be revoked.
Some factors that a judge may consider include the following:
- the defendant’s criminal history;
- the seriousness and the nature of the crime the defendant is accused of committing;
- likelihood that the defendant will flee the jurisdiction;
- whether the defendant has a history of substance abuse; and
- the defendant’s physical and mental condition.
James E. Crawford, Jr. & Associates | Criminal Defense Attorneys
If you or a loved one is facing legal trouble in the state of Maryland, contact the experienced criminal defense lawyers of James E. Crawford, Jr. & Associates. We represent clients throughout Catonsville, Annapolis, Arbutus, and Baltimore, Maryland.
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