Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

DUI’s have become a relatively complex criminal traffic offense. Maryland lawmakers and police aggressively target all forms of impaired driving involving alcohol and drugs. DUI penalties in Maryland seem to get worse every year. DUI’s and DWI’s are very similar but a DUI is the most severe of the two. A conviction for each crime can have a very negative impact on your life.

When someone is charged with Driving under the Influence (DUI), the prosecutor will often allege that the Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of .08 or above. The state can charge and convict a person of DUI without having to prove that a person was actually affected by the amount of alcohol in their blood. Individuals with a BAC lower than .08 may also be convicted but the prosecution will have to prove that alcohol significantly impaired a driver’s coordination.

Statistics show that more than 20,000 drivers in Maryland are arrested for drunk driving every year. And for every one of those 20,000 people arrested for DWI, there is a drunk driving defense law firm wanting to represent them in court. These law firms all make claims as to why you should hire them if you’ve been charged with DUI.

DUI Lawyers in Baltimore, Maryland

Despite the fact that one or two drinks can put some people over the legal limit, that amount of alcohol might not impact the person’s ability to drive safely and responsibly.

Whether you have been arrested on suspicion of drunk driving for the first time or for a second or subsequent offense, you deserve a diligent defense as your attorney fights for an outright dismissal or a reduction in the charges.

Attorneys at James E. Crawford, Jr. & Associates have decades of experience representing all types of clients facing various legal trouble throughout Maryland and in surrounding areas. The attorneys pride themselves on working hard to reach the best resolutions for a client. Contact James E. Crawford, Jr. & Associates at 443-709-9999 for a free evaluation of your case today.

Contact James E. Crawford, Jr. & Associates at 443-709-9999 for a free evaluation of your case today.


Information Center for DUI


Back to top


Penalties for DUI in Maryland

If you are convicted of Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol (DUI) then the penalties include:

  • For the first conviction for DUI in Maryland, you face the following penalties:
    • up to a $1,000 fine;
    • up to twelve (12) months in jail;
    • twelve (12) points will be assessed on your driving record;
    • your license may be revoked for up to six (6) months; and
    • you may be required to participate in an alcohol abuse assessment and program.
  • For the second conviction for DUI in Maryland, you face the following penalties:
    • you face a $2,000 fine;
    • up to two years imprisonment;
    • a mandatory minimum of five days imprisonment;
    • twelve (12) points will be assessed on your license;
    • your license may be revoked for up to one year;
    • you may be required to participate in an alcohol abuse assessment and program.
  • For a second conviction of DUI in Maryland within five years, you face the following penalties:
    • a mandatory period of suspension;
    • after the period of suspension, a minimum required period of participation in the Ignition Interlock Program; and
    • you may be required to participate in an alcohol abuse assessment and program.

Back to top

Types of Drunk and Drugged Driving Crimes in Maryland

The general misdemeanor drunk or drugged driving offenses include:

  • Under § 21-902(a)(1), the first type of offense prohibits a person from driving or attempting to drive a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol.
  • Under § 21-902(a)(2), the second type of offense prohibits a person from driving or attempting to drive a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or under the influence of alcohol per se.
  • Under § 21-902(b), the third type of offense prohibits a person from driving or attempting to drive a vehicle while impaired by alcohol.
  • Under § 21-902(c), the fourth type of offense prohibits a person from driving or attempting to drive a vehicle while the person is so far impaired by a drug, a combination of drugs, or a combination of one or more drugs and alcohol that the person cannot drive the vehicle safely. It is not a defense that the person was legally entitled to use the drug, the combination of drugs, or the combination of one or more drugs and alcohol.
  • Under § 21-902(d), the fifth type of offense prohibits a person from driving or attempting to drive a vehicle while the person is impaired by a controlled dangerous substance if the person is not legally entitled to use the controlled dangerous substance.;

Maryland law at § 21-902(a)(3), (b)(2), (c)(3), and (d)(2)), also provides for additional offenses for transporting a minor while violating any of the general drunk or drugged driving offenses list above.


Back to top

New Rules for Maryland’s DWI / DUI Ignition Interlock Laws

Effective October 1, 2016, under Chapter 512 (Senate Bill 0945), the Maryland legislature passed the Drunk Driving Reduction Action of 2016 (also known as “Noah’s Law”).

The new law changes Maryland’s DWI/DUI and Ignition Interlock laws by increasing both judicial and administrative penalties, requiring longer periods of suspension and longer periods for participation in the Ignition Interlock Program (“IIP”). The new law applies penalties to more alcohol offenders after a DUI or DWI arrest.

All individuals convicted of a violation of § 21-902(a), driving while under the influence of alcohol (DUI), will be required to participate in the Ignition Interlock Program for the following periods;

  • Six (6) months for a first violation;
  • One (1) year for a second violation; and
  • Three (3) years for a third or subsequent violation.

The law also provides for the following increases in the suspension periods for certain convictions:

  • For “per se” alcohol violations (a breath alcohol concentration (BAC) test result of .08 or higher) the suspension will increase to 180 days;
  • For high BAC violations (a BAC test result of .15 or higher) will increase to 180 days for a first violation and 270 days for a second or subsequent violation;
  • For a test, refusal will increase to 270 days for a first violation and 2 years for a second or subsequent violation.

In lieu of a suspension, individuals can opt to participate in the Ignition Interlock Program for 180 days for a BAC test result of .08 or higher or 1 year for either a BAC test result of .15 or higher or a test refusal.


Back to top

Attorney in Maryland for Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

If you or a loved one was arrested for Driving under the Influence (DUI) or Driving while Intoxicated (DWI) in Maryland, contact an experienced attorney at James E. Crawford, Jr. & Associates today.

During the free consultation, an attorney can talk with you about your charges, ways to avoid the typical penalties, and the best ways to fight the charges for an outright dismissal or reduction in the charges.

A good attorney will fight for the best possible resolution of your case and will investigate all facts of your case. Call 443-709-9999 for a free evaluation of your case.